Gum Health and Germs of the Mouth

Germs are probably not something you think about as an issue for your oral health. However, some mouth germs are common, but some can contribute to dental health issues. Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups and dental cleanings can prevent serious dental health issues. Even with those precautions, if you are concerned about potential symptoms of gum disease, schedule a consultation with one of our dental professionals here at Dental Partners of Boston.

Types of Mouth Germs

Four types of germs can exist in your mouth. The common germs are bacteria and fungi. With proper oral hygiene, their presence doesn’t indicate any serious issues. The amount of protozoa normally found in the mouth is being studied. Viruses aren’t as common, but they can be dormant and not cause problems.

Bacteria is the mouth germ that creates plaque build-up on your teeth. Acid forms when the plaque combines with sugary foods and carbohydrates. The acid causes gum disease, tooth decay, and tooth loss.
The various species of fungi in your mouth only become an issue if an abnormality arises. For example, when the amount of the fungus Candida increases, creamy white lesions form. This is a condition called oral candidosis or oral thrush.

If protozoa, such as trichomonas tenax and entamoeba gingivalis, become invasive, periodontitis or gum disease can become an issue.

Viruses will invade living tissues and multiply. This can lead to serious oral health issues.

Recommended Oral Hygiene Practices to Combat Mouth Germs

Taking care of your overall health with a good diet, reduced sugar intake, and exercise is the first step toward maintaining good oral health. Brushing your teeth and your tongue twice a day and flossing are basic steps in oral hygiene. Adding antimicrobial mouthwash and a tongue scraper to your routine increases your level of oral health. Finally, regular dental check-ups and cleanings help deter and detect any oral health issues before they become serious.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

You may not realize that you have a gum disease issue until your gums become red, swollen, and bleeding. With regular dental check-ups and cleanings, gum disease can be diagnosed earlier. If gum disease progresses, it could cause pain when chewing, tooth sensitivity, loose teeth, receding gums, and chronic bad breath. It can also cause other health problems.

Treatment for Gum Disease

If diagnosed early, gum disease can be treated and reversed. In later stages, you may need treatments by a periodontist such as a root planing and scaling, bone grafting, soft tissue grafting, or Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure (LANAP).

If you are concerned about potential gum disease, contact us for a consultation.