Understanding Gum Disease Treatment and Restoration

Diagram of the progression of gum disease.

In the last two posts about gum health, we explored the significance of gum health, the potential implications of gum disease, and preventive measures to maintain optimal gum health.

In Part Three, we will delve into what happens when gum disease does develop and needs treatment. Understanding the various stages of gum disease and the available treatment options can empower you to take prompt action in restoring your gum health with the support of Dr. Guzman and our dedicated team at Dental Partners of Boston.

The Stages of Gum Disease

  1. Gingivitis: This is the early stage of gum disease, characterized by inflamed, red, and tender gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. At this point, the damage is still reversible with proper treatment and improved oral hygiene practices.
  2. Periodontitis: If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. In this stage, the infection reaches below the gumline, causing the gums to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. Bacteria and plaque can accumulate in these pockets, leading to further inflammation and potential bone and tooth loss.

Treatment Options

  1. Scaling and Root Planing (Deep Cleaning): For mild to moderate gum disease (gingivitis or early periodontitis), Dr. Guzman may recommend scaling and root planing. This deep cleaning procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from below the gumline (scaling) and smoothing the tooth roots (root planing) to promote gum reattachment.
  2. Laser Therapy: Laser technology can be used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing or as a standalone treatment for gum disease. Laser therapy targets and removes infected gum tissue while stimulating the growth of healthy tissue, supporting faster healing and reduced discomfort.
  3. Periodontal Surgery: In more advanced cases of gum disease (moderate to severe periodontitis), surgical intervention may be necessary. Procedures such as flap surgery and bone grafting can help eliminate deep-seated infection, reduce pocket depths, and restore gum and bone support around the affected teeth.
  4. Maintenance and Follow-Up: After undergoing treatment, regular maintenance visits are crucial to monitor your gum health and prevent the recurrence of the disease. Dr. Guzman will work closely with you to develop a personalized maintenance plan, including frequent check-ups and professional cleanings.

The Benefits of Seeking Timely Treatment

Early detection and intervention are vital to preventing the disease from progression and preserving your oral health. Seeking timely treatment offers numerous benefits, including:

  1. Preservation of Natural Teeth: Early-stage treatment can prevent tooth loss, as it helps maintain the integrity of the gums and supporting structures.
  2. Improved Oral Health: Gum disease treatment can reduce inflammation, gum sensitivity, and bad breath, enhancing your overall oral health and well-being.
  3. Enhanced Aesthetics: Restoring gum health can improve the appearance of your smile by reducing redness and swelling and promoting a more even gumline.
  4. Better Systemic Health: Emerging research suggests a link between gum disease and various systemic conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory issues. Treating gum disease may positively impact your overall health.


If you suspect you have gum disease or are experiencing any symptoms such as bleeding gums, redness, or sensitivity, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with Dental Partners of Boston. Our expert periodontist, Dr. Guzman, and our compassionate team are here to provide comprehensive treatment and support you on your journey to restored gum health.

Remember, early intervention is key to preventing the progression of gum disease and preserving your beautiful smile.

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