Periodontal disease can occur due to a number of factors, even in children. Generally, periodontitis begins with plaque buildup. From plaque forming on teeth due to a buildup of bacteria from sugar and starch to tartar, gum inflammation and gingivitis, it is a disease that will have to be treated by a dentist. If it isn’t treated quickly and safely, deep infections can occur that will result in loss of bone and tissue, tooth loss and it can greatly impact the immune system.
What are the main types of periodontal disease that can affect children?
Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis – this type of periodontal disease usually begins either within childhood or in puberty. A rare disease, it infects the entire mouth and can cause severe damage to the bone, as well as resulting in tooth loss if it is not treated rapidly. A clear sign of this condition is a heavy accumulation of plaque and gum inflammation.
Chronic Gingivitis – the best way to prevent this condition is to teach children the importance of brushing and flossing, as well as visiting the dentist regularly. If it does occur, however, it will cause the gum tissue to bleed and swell. This type can easily advance to more serious forms of the disease if it is not treated as soon as possible.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease – one of the rarer forms of periodontal disease, it generally occurs in children that are suffering from a suppressed immune system. This aggressive infection kills gum tissue and tooth ligaments.
Aggressive Periodontitis – found in teenagers, this form of periodontal disease affects the incisors and molars. It is caused by plaque and calculus.
What Are The Main Signs of Gum Disease?
- Bleeding while flossing or brushing
- Receding gums
- Swollen and sensitive gums
- Consistent bad breath
- Changes in jaw alignment or bit
- loose teeth
- White pus between the gums and teeth
How is periodontal disease treated?
The type of gum disease will be determined by your dentist, who will then decide the best course of action for your child. After taking an examination
and evaluating the history of your child’s health, a solution will be found. The Dental Partners of Boston guarantees the most efficient, safe and appropriate treatment is found for your child’s requirements. Preventing gum disease from getting worse, we understand the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.
From recommending regular cleanings to deep cleanings, antibiotic treatments and occasionally surgery, there are a number of treatments that will be made available for your child.
What can parents do?
As well as establishing good dental habits early (teaching them that it’s important to regularly brush their teeth and floss), you should schedule regular dental visits and check-ups. You can also check your child’s mouth when you are home for any signs of plaque buildup or gum swelling. If you notice these, alongside receding teeth, you should book an appointment as soon as possible in order to diagnose and treat the issue.