TMJ disorders are those that affect the joint which connects the jawbone to the skull. Known simply as "TMD" or "TMJ," these disorders can cause a significant amount of pain and discomfort as well as symptoms like clicking and locking of the jaw. There are several methods used in the treatment of TMJ, which include various types of dental treatments and medications.
Before treatment can be administered, a definitive diagnosis must be made. In most cases, dentists use the following methods in diagnosing TMJ disorders:
In mild cases of TMJ, treatment may not be necessary. However, for moderate and severe TMJ disorders, a variety of approaches can be used in reducing pain, discomfort and other symptoms. A few common methods in treating TMJ address issues with the way a patient bites.
Malocclusion (misalignment of the teeth) can cause uneven pressure on the muscles surrounding the joint, making it necessary to take steps to fix the issue. Part of the bite problem can be teeth grinding, which causes the cartilage to wear around the joint, putting unnecessary stress on the facial muscles. Whatever the cause may be, it's important to have it taken care of immediately in order to gain relief from pain.
Again, there are different types of TMJ problems that respond to a number of TMJ treatment methods, ranging from very conservative therapies to more aggressive approaches. Our multi-specialty dentists at Dental Partners of Boston are highly skilled in TMJ treatments. Together we'll work closely with you to determine the best course of TMJ treatment to alleviate your pain.
Sergio A. Guzman
Maria E. Cardenas