Periodontal disease is one of the most widespread health conditions affecting United States citizens today, with over 47% of all adults having some form of the disease. Unfortunately, most people overlook the symptoms of gum disease until they have started to lose teeth or suffer from system-wide problems, which is why Dr. Guzman wants all of his patients to be familiar with the warning signs and how to avoid the disease.
Gum and Periodontal Disease Warning Signs
When bacteria is allowed to accumulate on the teeth and in the mouth, it can trigger an inflammatory reaction in the gum tissue, making the gums swollen, reddened, warmer than usual, and tender.
Persistent bad breath or a foul taste in the mouth can signal early gum disease.
Bleeding While Flossing
Gum inflammation can also make the gums more prone to bleeding, especially while flossing.
Loose or Missing Teeth
Oral bacteria can also target healthy bone and connective tissue, making the teeth loose in their sockets. Eventually teeth can fall out altogether, and the remaining teeth will spread to fill the space.
Bacteria can also cause gum recession, which can in turn cause problems like extreme dental sensitivity or an unsightly smile.
Over time, the bacteria can move deeper and deeper underneath gum tissue, leading to deep pockets between the teeth and the gum tissue. Gingival pockets are between 1-2 millimeters deep in healthy teeth, but can grow as deep as 7-8 millimeters deep after periodontal disease has set in.
How To Avoid Periodontal Disease
Fortunately, you can avoid gum disease and periodontal disease by taking good care of your teeth and gums. Here are a few easy ways to prevent periodontal disease.
Focus On Good Oral Hygiene
Brushing twice a day for two to three minutes is crucial for helping you to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from your mouth. Especially makes sure that you floss thoroughly, as this helps remove plaque just below the gumline. Focus on careful oral hygiene, and talk with your periodontist in Boston for tips on making your dental routine more effective.
Get A Comprehensive Periodontal Exam Once A Year
The American Academy of Periodontology recommends receiving a CPE, or comprehensive periodontal exam, once a year in order to spot gum disease early and treat it proactively.
Maintain a Healthy Diet and Exercise Regimen
Taking care of your body is essential to warding off periodontal disease. Focus on daily exercise and a healthy diet in order to reduce inflammation. Also, drink plenty of water to dilute oral bacterial acids and to wash away food particles.
If you have questions about periodontal disease, or are worried you may have it, contact Dental Partners of Boston, your dentist in Boston, MA. All of the stages of gum disease are treatable, and with the right dental care, your smile can become healthy and beautiful again.